Possible causes of bloody stool

About this Symptom Checker. Find possible causes of blood in stool based on specific factors.

possible causes of bloody stool

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Possible Causes of Bloody Stool

This content does not have an English version. This content does not have an Arabic version. See more conditions. Symptoms Symptom Checker. When to seek medical advice Seek medical advice for any blood in stool. Seek emergency care if you notice: Large amounts of blood Lightheadedness Rapid heart rate Weakness. Choose a symptom Selected Select related factors View possible causes Blood in stool in adults Find possible causes of blood in stool based on specific factors. Blood appears In or on the stool In toilet bowl or on toilet tissue.

Triggered or worsened by Drinking alcohol or caffeine Eating certain foods Straining during bowel movements.

Relieved by Drinking more water Eating certain foods Eating more fiber. Accompanied by Abdominal pain or cramping Anal itching Change in bowel habits that lasts longer than four weeks Change in your bowel habits Constipation Diarrhea Fatigue or weakness Fever Frequent urge to have bowel movement Narrow stools Nausea or vomiting Painful bowel movements Persistent abdominal discomfort, such as cramps, gas or pain Rectal pain Unintended weight loss.

Show references Walls RM, et al. Philadelphia, Pa. Accessed Oct. Palmer J, et al. Abdominal pain mimics. Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America.

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Zeiter D. Abdominal pain in children.

possible causes of bloody stool

Pediatric Clinics of North America. Feldman M, et al. Merck Manual Professional Version. Rochester, Minn. Kliegman RM, et al. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics.Sometimes it can mean something serious is going on. Other times it may be minor and nothing to lose sleep over.

The color is actually very important to note, since different colors can point toward various internal sources of bleeding. Bloody stools can also be a symptom of bleeding from the anus or rectal bleeding. Of course, if you are having an excessive amount of blood loss, head straight for emergency medical care. If you are not having life-threatening blood loss or other symptoms in addition to blood in stool, then there are some natural ways to help yourself.

You want to first address root causes of your bloody stools.

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Read on to find out some of those possible causes, as well as natural remedies to address each one. Blood in stool is also referred to medically as hematochezia. This indicates there is bleeding somewhere in the digestive tract. When you go to the bathroom, your feces should normally be a shade of brown, so a red or block color is considered abnormal.

Blood in stool is typically caused by bleeding coming from the upper or lower gastrointestinal tract. The blood can range from being bright red to black. Small amounts of blood may not be something to necessarily worry much about, especially if it goes away quickly, however large amounts can be problematic. The color of blood stool can actually be indicative of the location of internal bleeding, if that is the cause. Sometimes pooping blood is not from internal bleeding but actually a sign of bleeding in the rectum.

The presence of blood in stool can also range from being not noticeable to the naked eye to being alarmingly obvious.

possible causes of bloody stool

The blood in black or tarry stools usually comes from upper GI bleeding and can be caused by:. Bright red blood in stools or maroon-colored stools usually equate to blood coming from the small intestine, large intestine, rectum or anus.

These are symptoms to discuss with your doctor.If you see bright red blood on the tissue or in the toilet, that is likely due to rectal bleeding. Blood in your stool usually has what is described as a black and tarry appearance.

When there is bleeding higher up in the colon or digestive system, it makes the stool look very dark. Any time you notice blood or think there might be blood in your stool, you should contact your doctor. You may have blood in your stool and not know it.

Bloody stool and bloody diarrhea are both signs of colorectal cancer, and therefore they should never be ignored. The sooner you are diagnosed, the more effective treatment options will be. If you have blood in your stool or notice blood in the toilet or on the toilet paper after a bowel movement, call your doctor right away. Do not wait to see if it goes away on its own. Ask your doctor when the right time is for you to have yours.

Call to ask for a referral for your colorectal cancer screen, and take control of your bowel health today. Causes of Blood in Stool Bloody stool and bloody diarrhea are both signs of colorectal cancer, and therefore they should never be ignored. There are other causes of blood in your stool, such as: Hemorrhoids — Hemorrhoids, otherwise known as piles, are swollen blood vessels in rectum.

They often cause itching or burning sensation, and they may bleed. The blood seen with hemorrhoids is usually bright red. Gastroenteritis — Gastroenteritis is an infection in the stomach or intestines caused by a virus or bacteria, such as norovirus or food poisoning.

It can lead to bloody diarrhea. Nausea and vomiting may also be present. Diverticula — Diverticula are tiny pockets or bulges in the lining of the lower bowel. They can get infected and cause pain, and if they rupture, they can cause bleeding.

In some cases, there may be significant bleeding even without pain. Polyps in the bowel — Polyps are clumps of cells that can grow in the lining of the colon and rectum.

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They may also bleed a little during bowel movements. Anal fissure — Anal fissures are tiny tears in the anal area that are quite painful. If they bleed, the blood is typically bright red. Pain and bleeding may occur during and after bowel movements. Anal fistula — Anal fistula is a crack or crease that forms between the anus and the anal canal. They can be quite painful, and they might bleed.

Angiodysplasia — Angiodysplasia is rectal bleeding caused by abnormal blood vessels in the gastrointestinal tract. This blood is usually bright red.In medicine, at face value, a single symptom like bloody stool can usually be attributable to several conditions. Blood in the stool typically presents as blood-red or maroonish and represents a bleed somewhere in the gastrointestinal GI tract from mouth to anus.

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Using details from your history, physical exam, diagnostic tests and so forth, physicians are able to deduce the etiology or cause of symptoms and rule out various differential diagnoses. In the spirit of differential diagnoses, here are 10 possible causes of bloody stool.

Please note that this list omits infectious causes like E. As any surgeon can attest to, the most common cause of a lower GI bleed is an upper GI bleed. When you bleed copiously from an anatomical structure proximal to the ligament of Treitz, a ligament that suspends the distal duodenum, the blood can appear undigested in your stool rapid transit. In order to figure out whether you have an upper GI bleed, a gastroenterologist will perform an endoscopy.

Although anal fissures also happen in adults, these fissures are the most common cause of bloody stool in infants. Anal fissures are cracks in the skin that are visualized after stretching the skin of the anus. Fortunately, anal fissures usually heal on their own. The nonspecific term polyp refers to any projection from the intestinal tract.

There are several types of polyps which vary depending on their histology and presentation.

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Most cases of colorectal cancer evolve from adenomatous polyps. Colorectal cancer is the third leading cause of cancer-related deaths in the United States.

However, with advances in medicine, non-metastatic adenomatous polyps can be resected or removed by surgery, and chemotherapy can be given to limit any potential spread. Colorectal cancer is treatable if caught early, which is why all people age 50 and older should schedule regular screenings for colonoscopy, sigmoidoscopy, and so forth. Hemorrhoids are swollen blood vessels that can extend from the anus; they look like cushions.

For most people with hemorrhoids, treatment is non-surgical and includes increasing fiber in your diet and using a salve like Preparation H. Depending on location internal and externalseverity of symptoms, and so forth, surgical options are also available for the treatment of hemorrhoids.

When the cause of bloody stool is obscure, it's likely attributable to angiodysplasia or vascular malformation of the gut. Depending on location, angiodysplasia can be treated with endoscopic obliteration. Inflammatory bowel disease IBD is a general term for autoimmune disease that causes inflammation of the bowels.

The two most common types of IBD are Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. Therapy or treatment for IBD involves medication, including steroids and immune-modifying agents, and potentially surgery. Thanks to recent drug developments, the number of patients requiring surgery for IBD has significantly decreased.

Init is estimated that colorectal cancer will be diagnosed inpeople, and 51, people will die of the disease. There are two types of diverticular disease—diverticulosis and diverticulitis.Blood in your stool may seem alarming, but most of the time there is no reason to worry. Here are some of the causes of blood in stool and when pooping blood could be a medical emergency. Your gastrointestinal GI tract runs from your mouth to your rectum. Any blood in your GI tract will eventually leave your body through your stool bowel movements.

When the bleeding occurs higher up in the GI tract, it takes a while for the metabolized blood to be expelled, so the blood is dark or even black.

This is called melena or tarry stool. Blood from your GI tract closer to your rectum is fresher, so it is more likely to look bright red or maroon. There are many conditions that could cause blood in the stool, but the most common ones are hemorrhoids and anal fissures, small tears in the lining of the anus.

Blood In Your Stool

Other common causes of bleeding in the lower part of your GI tract include:. Colon cancer. Inflammatory bowel disease. Diverticulitispouches along the intestinal wall. Gastritisinflammation of the stomach lining. Gastroenteritisinflammation of the stomach and intestines.

If you know the blood in your stool is from hemorrhoids, helping the hemorrhoids heal will stop the bleeding. This includes:. Unless you know the blood in your stool is coming from hemorrhoids and the bleeding is not continuous nor does it cause any faintness or weaknessall signs of rectal bleeding, including bloody mucus in stoolshould be reported to your doctor. Your doctor will need to examine you and determine if you are passing fresh red blood or old dark or tarry blood.

The amount of blood you are passing is also important. Do this if you have blood in your stool and you have any of these other signs:. Sweating or cold, clammy skin. Severe abdominal pain or cramping.

Dizziness or fainting. Bloody diarrhea. Confusiondisorientation. Unless you go to an emergency room for evaluation, the first doctor you would see for assessment is your family doctor or primary care physician. After examining you and listening to your history, your doctor may recommend tests or refer you to a gastroenterologist or GI specialist.

Gastroenterologists specialize in conditions and diseases that affect your GI tract. If surgery is necessary, you will be referred to a colorectal surgeon. Check with your insurance company to see if you need a referral from your primary doctor before seeing a specialist. Blood in your stool is often the result of hemorrhoids, but it can also be a sign of something more serious. The only way to determine this is by seeing your doctor.

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When to See a Doctor for Blood in Stool

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When is blood in the stool an emergency?

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